We all know that cameras are available in different models, colors, shapes, and sizes. So, while one person might be contented with a point-and-shoot camera, another one might insist on getting a single-lens or digital camera.
Whichever make, design or model you might want to settle for, the truth of the matter is that there are quite a few things you need to know about the basic camera parts and functions.
In the next few lines, we’ll talk about these respective parts so you can have even more fun using your camera to the fullest.
8 Main Basic Camera Parts and Functions
1. The Lens
This is the glassy part of your camera and it is designed for the sole purpose of letting the light pass into the camera. Different cameras come with different lenses with some having a single lens others offering detachable lenses whilst a few others come with built-in lenses.
The type and quality of lenses you have can significantly affect the quality of photographs you’ll be able to record. Some lenses are designed to deliver a wide-angle view and yet a few others are meant to capture crystal clear images.
Likewise, you may find some lenses that create distortions but also, don’t be surprised to learn that there are others which offer high-quality images that mimic what the human eye sees. So, ultimately, the better the lens the better the quality of pictures it’s capable of capturing.
2. The Focus Ring
This feature is available in good DSLR cameras and it’s purely meant to improve the quality of focus. It is a roundish ring which you simply need to adjust manually in order to switch the focus accordingly. Apart from this manual ring, most DSLR cameras come with an alternative autofocus feature.
This is ideal for beginners but as you advance, and as the challenge of taking high-quality photos kicks in, you’ll realize that having a manual focus ring can really offer enhanced potential.
3. Shutter Release Button
Have you ever taken a photo using a camera? Chances are that you’ve already done this and that also confirms that, one way or another, you might have come in contact with a shutter release button.
Because for any camera to take a photo, one would need to press the shutter release button which then releases a snap sound as it captures the image.
Basically, the role of this button is to open and close the shutter effectively making way for light to penetrate the camera. The manner in which the shutter opens when you press this button is, however, dependent on the shutter speed settings that one sets on their camera.
What is the aperture? Well, this is the part of your camera that adjusts the diameter of your lens thereby controlling the amount of light which eventually reaches the sensor.
Worth noting, however, is that some cheap digital cameras come with a fixed aperture. That said, modern technology has made it possible to have a limited amount of aperture ratings on some of these affordable cameras meaning you don’t really need to break the bank to access this handy feature.
However, it is important to remember that for DSLRs, you only need to make some f/stop settings in order to adjust the aperture range to the desired one.
5. Memory Card
Who doesn’t know what a memory card is? Well, for the sake of anyone who might still be living under the rock, the memory card is a tiny card that almost looks like a phone’s SIM-card although it tends to be tinier than that. These cards are available at different memory capacity storage sizes with some offering gigabytes worth of space while a few others come with terabytes.
Basically, the two most popular types of memory cards are the SD and CF cards. One only needs to get this card and transfer it to their computer to transfer the photos. Likewise, it is possible to put this card in some phones to view and even share the photos captured.
6. The LCD Screen
It is not unusual to come across cameras that are equipped with an LCD screen. Basically, this quintessential screen provides you with a clear screen from where you can view some of the images captured and stored inside your memory card.
Likewise, this screen provides an avenue for viewing the camera’s options and settings. Wondering where to find this important part on your camera? Well, it’s always located at the rear side of the camera and looks almost like a mini-TV or mobile screen. Also, it tends to light up when you turn the camera on. Seen it?
7. The View Finder
Before we proceed, it is important for us to make an important distinction at this stage. What you need to know is that the LCD screen of some cameras tends to double up as its viewfinder. However, high-end cameras tend to have a separate viewfinder from the LCD camera.
This is usually a small hole where the cameraman places his eye so he can view the object before pressing the shutter release button. It is, however, worth noting that what you see on the viewfinder may not always resemble what your camera will capture. This variation occurs due to factors such as the quality of the lens, the position of lighting alongside your camera’s megapixels.
Usually, the higher the megapixels, the higher the potential quality of images that may be captured by a device. Last but not least, your prowess as a cameraperson may also determine the look and feel of the final image captured.
8. User Controls
The kind of controls you find on a camera may vary depending on its brand and model. Most basic cameras only come with auto settings which automatically adjust to the different condition the camera may be exposed to.
However, DSL cameras tend to come with quite a few user control functions which enable you to choose the perception of the camera so you can use manual shooting instead of automated shooting. Most professionals prefer this option as it enables them to input custom settings.
Final Thoughts on Basic Camera Parts and Functions
So, now you have an idea which key parts make up your camera and what role they perform. The next time you come into contact with a camera, be sure to explore each one of these parts.
While at it, have fun and always remember to consult your user manual in case of any doubts.